Emerson and India
compiled by Robert C. Gordon, PhD, University of Oregon
Acharya, Shanta. The Influence of Indian Thought on Ralph Waldo Emerson.Studies In American Literature, Vol. 38. Lewiston, NY: Edwin Mellen
Ando, Shoei. Zen and American Transcendentalism. Tokyo: Hokuseido Press, 1970.
Burnouf, Eugène, (Trans). Le Bhâgavata Purâna, ou Historie Poétique de Krichna, 3 Vols. Paris 1840-1847.
Cabot, James Elliot. “The Philosophy of the Ancient Hindoos.” Massachusetts Quarterly Review I (Sept. 1848).
Cameron, Kenneth Walter. Indian Superstition by Ralph Waldo Emerson Edited with A Dissertation on Emerson’s Orientalism at Harvard. Hanover, New Hampshire:
Friends of the Dartmouth Library, 1954.
_____. Emerson’s “Indian Superstition“ with Studies in His Poetry, Bibliography, and Early Orientalism. Hartford: Transcendental Books, 1977.
Carpenter, Frederick Ives. Emerson and Asia.Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1930.
_____. “American Transcendentalism in India.” Emerson Society Quarterly. XXXI (1963).
Chandrasekharan, K.R. “Emerson’s ‘Bramha’: An Indian Interpretation.” New England Quarterly 33 (Dec. 1960).
Christy, Arthur. The Orient in American Transcendentalism: A Study of Emerson, Thoreau, and Alcott. New York: Columbia University Press, 1932.
_____. “Emerson’s Debt to the Orient.” The Monist. XXXVIII(January 1928).
Clarke, James Freeman. “Brahmanism: According to the Latest Researches.” Atlantic Monthly 23.139 (May 1869)
Cole, Phyllis. Mary Moody Emerson and the Origins of Transcendentalism. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998.
Colebrook, Henry Thomas. Miscellaneous Essays, 2 Vols. London: 1837.
“Correspondence Relative to the Prospects of Christianity, and the Means of Promoting Its Reception, in India.” Christian Examiner 1.4(July-Aug. 1824).
Cousin, Victor. Introduction to the History of Philosophy, (Trans. Henning Linberg). Boston: Hilliard, Gray, Little, and Wilkins, 1832.
Detweiler, Robert. “Emerson and Zen.” American Quarterly 14.3 (Fall 1962)
Eulert, Donald D. “Matter and Method: Emerson and the Way of Zen.” East-West Review 3 (Winter 1966).
Fields, Rick. “The Restless Pioneers Emerson, Thoreau, and Whitman.” Zero: Contemporary Buddhist Life and Thought. II(1979).
_____. How the Swans Came to the Lake: A Narrative History of Buddhism in America. Boston: Shambala, 1986.
Francis, Elamanamadathil V. Emerson and the Hindu Scriptures. Ph.D. Dissertation, Howard University, 1970.
_____. Emerson and Hindu Scriptures. Cochin, India: Academic Publications, 1972.
Goodman, Russell B. “East-West Philosophy in Nineteenth-Century America: Emerson and Hinduism.” Journal of the History of Ideas 51 (Oct-Dec. 1990).
Gordon-McCutchan, R.C. Fate Into Freedom: Emerson’s Philosophy of Spiritual Process. Ph.D. Dissertation, Princeton University, 1980.
Goren, Leyla. “Elements of Brahminism in the Transcendentalism of Emerson.” Emerson Society Quarterly. Supplement to #34, I Quarter (1964).
Gray, Henry David. Emerson: A Statement of New England Transcendentalism as Expressed in the Philosophy of Its Chief Exponent. Stanford: Stanford University
Gupta, R.K. “Emerson and the American Image of India.” Literary Criterion 18 (1983).
_____. The Great Encounter: A Study of Indo-American Literary and Cultural Relations. Maryland: Riverdale Press, 1987.
Halbfass, Wilhelm. India and Europe: An Essay in Understanding. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1988.
Hale, Edward Everett (Ed.). Ralph Waldo Emerson: Two Unpublished Essays. Boston: Lamson-Wolff & Co., 1895.
Hamilton, William, (Ed.). The Collected Works of Dugald Stewart. Edinburgh: Thomas Constable and Co., 1854.
Harris, William Torrey. “The Philosophy of the Ancient Hindoos.” Massachusetts Quarterly Review. I (September 1848).
Hodder, Alan D. “Emerson, Rammohan Roy, and the Unitarians.” Studies In The American Renaissance. Ed. Joel Myerson. Charlotteville:
University Press of Virginia, 1988.
Jackson, Carl T. The Oriental Religions and American Thought: Nineteenth-Century Explorations. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1981.
Kalidasa, The Méga Dúta; or, Cloud Messenger, (Trans. Horace Harman Wilson). Calcutta and London: 1814
Lalana, F.K. Emerson Viewed with an Oriental Eye. Warren County, PA: Fanny Morrison Cornplanter, 1900.
Leidecker, Kurt F. “Harris and Indian Philosophy.” The Monist. XVIL(January 1936).
_____. “Emerson and East-West Synthesis.” Philosophy East and West 1.2 (July 1951).
Maitra, Herambachandra. “Emerson From an Indian Point of View.” Harvard Theological Review. IV (October 1911).
Marshall, P.J., (Ed.). The British Discovery of Hinduism in the Eighteenth Century. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1970.
Marshman, John Clark. The History of India, from the Earliest Period to the Close of Lord Dalhousie’s administration, 3 Vols. London, 1863.
Matthiessen, F.O. American Renaissance: Art and Expression in the Age of Emerson and Whitman. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1941.
McGiffert, Arthur Cushman, (Ed.). Young Emerson Speaks. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1938.
McLean, Andrew M. “Emerson’s ‘Bramha’ as an Expression of Brahman.” New England Quarterly 42.1 (March 1969).
Moore, Adrienne. Rammohun Roy and America. Calcutta: Satis Chandra Chakravarti, 1942.
Mueller, Roger Chester. “The Orient in American Transcendental Periodicals (1835-1886). Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Minnesota, 1968.
Müller, Friedrich Max. A History of Sanskrit Literature. London: 1860.
Nagarajan, S. “Emerson and Advaita: Some Comparisons and Contrasts.” American Transcendental Quarterly 3.4 (Dec. 1989).
Nelson, Carl. “The Rhetoric of Emerson’s Hindu ‘Heroism.'” Emerson Society Quarterly 18(1972).
Norton, Charles Eliot, (Ed.). Letters From Ralph Waldo Emerson To A Friend: 1838-1853. Boston and New York: Houghton, Mifflin and Company, 1899.
Paramanda, (Swami). Emerson and Vedanta. Boston: The Vedanta Centre, 1918.
Patri, Umesh. Hindu Scriptures and American Transcendentalists. New Delhi: Intellectual Press, 1987.
Pradittatsanee, Darin. Spiritual Quest, Orientalist Discourse, and “Assimilating Power“: Emerson‘s Dialogue With Indian Religious Thought In Cultural Context.
Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Oregon, 2000.
Rayapati, J.P. Rao. Early American Interest in Vedanta: Pre-Emersonian Interest in Vedic Literature and Vedantic Philosophy. New York: Asia Publishing House,
Reyna, Ruth. The Concept of Maya: From the Vedas to the 20th Century. New York: Asia Press, 1962.
Riepe, Dale. “Emerson and Indian Philosophy.” Journal of the History of Ideas. 28 (Jan.-March 1967).
_____. The Philosophy of India and Its Impact on American Thought. Springfield, IL: Thomas Press, 1970.
Röer, E., (Trans.). The Brihad Áranyaka Upanishad, and the Commentary of Sankara Áchárya on Its First Chapter. Calcutta: 1856.
Rudy, John G. “Engaging the Void: Emerson’s Essay on Experience and the Zen Experience of Self-Emptying.” The Eastern Buddhist 26.1 (Spring 1993).
Rusk, Ralph L. The Life of Ralph Waldo Emerson. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1949.
Sarma, D.S. Studies in the Renaissance of Hinduism in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries. Benares: Benares Hindu University Press, 1944.
Singh, Man Mohan. The Influence of Hindu Maya on Emerson. M.A. Thesis, University of Colorado, 1943.
_____. Emerson and India Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Pennsylvania, 1947.
Small, George. A Handbook of Sanskrit Literature; with Appendices Descriptive of the Mythology, Castes and Religious Sects of the Hindus, Intended Especially for
Candidates for the India Civil Service, and Missionaries to India. London: 1866.
Stein, William B., (Ed.). Two Brahman Sources of Emerson and Thoreau
Gainesville, FL: Scholar’s Facsimiles & Reprints, 1967.
T, J. “Is Rammohun Roy a Christian? or, in Other Words, Is He a Believer in the
Divine Authority of Our Lord?” Christian Examiner 3.5 (Sept.-Oct. 1826).
“Theology of the Hindoos, as Taught by Ram Mohun Roy.”
North American Review VI (March 1818).
Thomas, Wendell. Hinduism Invades America.
New York: Beacon Press, 1930.
Versluis, Arthur. American Transcendentalism and Asian Religions.
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993.
Ward, William. A View of the History, Literature, and Mythology of the Hindoos, 3 vols.
London: Kingsbury, Parbury and Allen, 1822.
Washburn, W.E. “The Oriental ‘Roots’ of American Transcendentalism.”
The Southwestern Journal. 4(1949).
_____. “The Orient in Mid-Nineteenth Century American Literature.”
The Southwestern Journal. 5(1950).
Wheeler, James. The History of India from the Earliest Ages, 2 Vols. London: 1867.
Whicher, Stephen E. Freedom and Fate: An Inner Life of Ralph Waldo Emerson.
Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1971.
Wilkins, Charles. The Heetopades of Veeshnoo-Sarma, in a Series of Connected Fables,
Interspersed with Moral, Prudential and Political Maxims. Bath: 1787.
Williamson, George. “Emerson the Oriental.”
University of California Chronicle. XXX(January 1928).
Wilson, Horace Hayman, (Trans.). Rig-veda-sanhitá. A collection of ancient Hindu hymns, 4 vols. London: 1850-1866.
“Writings of Rammohun Roy.” Christian Disciple V (1823).